I was researching how to read a news script and found a video recently which was a major example of how not to report the news. It is really funny and shows us how journalists may not actually want to be out in the real world reporting but would rather be in a studio instead where they aren’t actually amongst their surroundings. These videos show examples on how not to read the news, everything from laughing through the script, swearing, hitting and chasing down people.
Stuart (n.d.) provides a very simple page, but discusses four types of formal speech – informative, layout, demonstration, and persuasive, and illustrates the different ways we use formal speech.
This site is for a course offered by Peter Ruthven Stuart. It is a rather basic overview/information with a few examples on what each type of speech would entail. There are 4 types of speeches covered on this webpage. Informative, layout, demonstrative, and lastly persuasive. Informative speech is when you are trying to teach something to the audience. A layout speech is when you are giving someone directions or explaining the location of something. A demonstrative speech is like an informative speech because you have to teach the audience; however, the difference between the two is you not only tell the audience about it but how to do it, usually showing as well. A persuasive speech is when you are persuading people to change in some way.
Stuart, P n.d., Speech types and some examples, viewed 14 May 2016, http://www.nsknet.or.jp/~peterrs/public_speaking/speechtypes.html
2. Deliver the Script: Do a dry run of reading this page of script. Record your reading, and time this. Post your recording to your blog, and reflect on areas you need to improve on at this stage.
4. Reflection: Finally, post a final submission post that is a reflective piece (600-800 words). In this, you should:
a. Identify the activities that you found most useful to your learning over the course of the term, and discuss why these were useful;
There were a number of activities that I found most useful over the course of the term. These were activities such as week one where we were asked to reflect upon reading of the news script, this really helped me by getting me to listen to how I sounded when reading from a script. It turned out that I found a lot of issues with my reading and thus had plenty to improve upon. The week four exercise was really similar as it also got us to reflect upon how we improved in our reading of the news script from week one.
Other activities that really helped keep me interested and motivated to complete weekly activities were the movies we were asked to watch such as: In a world and the kings speech which was fun to do. This I believe kept me more excited to do each week’s work. The last activities of the weeks in the blogs such as the PAIBOC activity, the oral presentation and the audio visual script were very useful to me as these have helped me to prepare for the second assignment, gaining confidence in knowing what to do and how to go about doing it.
The activity that I had the most difficulty in completing the week 3 which was on Aristotle. This was extremely hard for me to concentrate on and understand when reading. It was for this reason that I found I could not really get into the swing of the activity, leaving the response rather bland and more like a basic summary rather than the critically in depth response that would have been better to include.
b. Indicate whether, at this stage of the course, you feel that your understanding of speaking and scripting writing has improved, and reasons why/why not;
I do believe my understanding of speaking and script writing has improved. As I reflect upon the weeks which have passed I find myself looking at my progress and see that I have improved in my understanding, in my performance and my ability. I believe that my ability to speak clearly, precisely and audibly has also improved as in week one I could barely be heard; whereas, in my last week of this blog I have found that I can hear every word precisely.
Throughout the journey of this blog I have learned about rhetoric, about exercises for breathing and speaking properly, I have learned that confidence in my ability is something that will help me to improve even more. Before completing this course I had no idea how to do an audio visual script, how to do Piece to Camera or even what Piece to Camera actually was. I did not know how the sound of voice can influence the audience and depending on what first impression they have of you it can mean the difference between the audience actually paying attention to what you say or completely zoning out, maybe even falling asleep.
c. Comment on the usefulness (or otherwise) of your blogging journey and how it has (or hasn’t) helped your learning.
While blogging for this course and others has certainly been an adventure through the learning process not only to do with the weekly work but also to do with the blogging itself, I have actually found this process to be useful as it forces me to look back at my work and really reflect on what can be improved upon, what needs changing and what needs to be removed. It is a process that I believes helps me learn and helps me grow.
The fact that the weekly activities are made up to be the first assignment really helps me keep up to date with work as instead of actually having to reduce the amount of hours I spend on weekly work so that I can finish the assignment, the weekly work actually builds the first assignment. I really like it when courses use the weekly work to complete the assignments as this reinforces my learning. I believe if the course had included self-reflection and also peer reviews I could have perhaps learned more as when we self-reflect and review other’s work we often get ideas on how we can improve our own work.
d. Discuss your level of confidence in going into your final assessment at this stage of the course, and comment on how you are going to address any final issues or concerns you may have.
I found that at the beginning of this semester that I was not very confident at all with what I was supposed to be doing and how I was supposed to do it. I did not feel comfortable writing the speech or starting on any of the other pieces for the second assignment as I felt pretty clueless on what was being asked. However, I have found that as the weeks have passed my confidence in the fact that I know what I am doing has grown. I am confident in my ability to complete the required pieces for assignment two. I am also confident that I will do well with this assignment.
I did really want to say that this was a really great course and I enjoyed my learning journey. Thanks Kate Ames!!
Picture Reference List
Vincent, T 2013, Reflection facilitated by qr codes, digital image, viewed 12 May 2016, http://learninginhand.com/blog/2013/7/5/roll-reflect-with-qr-codes
Oral Presentation: Consider your final assignment. For this activity, you are to develop a presentation and associated script for your speech or release/story. You will submit the file (including script) on your blog, or if PowerPoint, you can upload it to Slideshare (slideshare.com) and include the link with your blog.
Reflect on this activity. Was it useful to your learning this week? If so, how? Record your responses in writing on your blog.
I found this week’s activity to be very beneficial to me. This is because I had not yet started work on the second assignment and so having this as an activity in the weekly work means that it made me start to really think about what my speech would entail. Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith (2012) discusses the importance of planning a speech. This activity required me to think or plan what I really wanted to say in my speech when writing it. Know your audience, research the topic and outline the speech are key points in writing a speech (Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith 2012). This really made me think about how I was going to present it and what I would say. Then I used suggestions made from McMillan (2008) where it talks about how to give a presentation that is not horrible. He suggest not putting every word on the PowerPoint, to make sure to use spell checker, use less bullet points and choose the appropriate colour scheme.
Figure Reference List
Ironside, R 2012, Premier Campbell Newman pays tribute to past conservative premiers Joh Bjelke-Petersen and Frank Nicklin during maiden speech, digital image, viewed 10 May 2016, http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/premier-campbell-newman-pays-tribute-to-past-conservative-premiers-joh-bjelke-petersen-and-frank-nicklin-during-maiden-speech/story-e6freon6-1226358769582
McMillan, D 2008, Don McMillan life after death by powerpoint, video, 14 September, viewed 2 May 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lpvgfmEU2Ck
Whitaker, R, Ramsey, J & Smith, R 2012, Media writing: print broadcast and public relations, 4th edn, Routledge, New York.
Bainbridge, Goc & Tynan (2011, p. 218) states that Quasar is a celebrity whose fame usually only lasts for the duration of an event. This is evident in the The Morning Show (2016) with the two Quasars Lani and Layton, who gained fame during the event/show ‘First Dates’. Hicks (2013) talks about accents and that we should keep them as it makes a crucial difference to how words are pronounced. You can actually hear the accents with the two hosts and the two Quasars Lani and Layton, this ‘Aussie’ accent makes a difference to how they pronounce their words.
According to Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith (2012) Human interest stories are about people and their lives or struggles, this is something that gains the interest of the publics. One human interest story that is very popular especially amongst women is the love stories or dating shows. The Morning Show (2016) covers this human interest value with their love story of Lani and Layton.
Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith (2012) states that human interest stories are often about an individual experience with a run of hand luck or sudden reversal of fortune. The Morning Show (2016) shows a good example of a positive interview which tries to establish a warm, comfortable atmosphere so the subject will talk candidly and expansively about feelings.
According to Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith (2012) Proximity is the interest in what is going on around them, what is closest to them. This can be seen when The Morning Show (2016) hosts show a scene from the show ‘First Date’ which not only fits human interest and proximity but also prominence. This is because prominence is news stories about famous people or well-known people which generally creates a lot of interest amongst the public (Whitaker, Ramsey & Smith 2012).
There is attempt at humour and personality on the talk show called the morning show. In this five minute clip The Morning Show (2016) hosts talk about the date show which two of the Quasars from that show appear. The Morning Show (2016) ask some questions then the hosts talk amongst themselves. This tells me I need to attempt humour and be able to interact with my co-workers freely so that it appears to be more natural rather than scripted. Eunson (2012) talks about praise as a strength because everyone likes to be praised. When watching the video another aspect I noticed is the praise that the Quasars Lani and Layton receive from the two hosts.
Bainbridge, Goc & Tynan (2011, p. 204) states that audiences can develop parasocial relationships with people they know only through the media, in ways that are similar to real friends and colleagues. This ‘parasocial relationship’ is especially applicable to celebrities who might be seen over and over again as for example, hosts on morning television or film stars (Bainbridge, Goc & Tynan 2011, p. 204) . The audience can start to feel as though they know the celebrity similar to other people frequently encountered in our daily lives (Bainbridge, Goc & Tynan 2011, p. 204). In the Morning Show (2016) the audience would form the parasocial relationship with Lani and Layton as they will have been frequently appearing in the media.
2. Piece to Camera practice: Using a smartphone, or a video camera, ask someone to record you doing a piece to camera where all you are doing is describing the scene behind you.
3. Review: Review the Clayman reading on reporting speech in news interviews (From talk to text: newspaper accounts of reportersource interactions) and summarise the key points of the article.
The Clayman (1990) article uses examples from 100 articles from a number of newspapers during 1986-1987 to support his key points. Key points of the Clayman (1990) article are that news stories are made usually from observations and accounts of legitimated institutional sources through the communication mode of spoken interaction.
The Clayman (1990) article also discusses what makes a question quotable and to specify the impact that quoted question have on the sense and import of subsequent political speech. Another key point is that many of the news stories from newspapers and television are derived from international situations with interviews, press conferences, public speeches and congressional hearings (Clayman 1990).
Figure Reference List
The Morning Show 2016, Sparks fly on first dates, video, 17 February, viewed 29 April 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHAQeXXmF-c
Bainbridge, J, Goc, N & Tynan, L 2011, Media & journalism, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne.
Clayman, S 1990, ‘From talk to text: newspaper accounts of reporter-source interactions’, vol.12, Media Culture & Society, London.
Eunson, B 2012, Communicating in the 21st century, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Milton.
Hicks, W 2013, English for journalists, 4th edn, Routledge, New York.
Whitaker, R, Ramsey, J & Smith, R 2012, Media writing print broadcast and public relations, 4th edn, Routledge, New York.
PAIBOC for assignment 2.
Purpose – the purpose of this speech is to talk about the beliefs and background of this politician (me). The speech’s purpose will be to educate and convince the audience of the issues that will be raised. In turn this will hopefully make a pathway to the issues being fixed by raising awareness.
Audience – the audience for this speech is the public. The publics of all age groups from 18 – 60 should be interested in this speech as there are issues which are of an interest to all age groups older than 18. Age groups:
Information – the beliefs of what should be fixed or changed to improve on society or laws. This will include statistical data, pictures and information provided to convince the audience of the argument. Issues that will be covered:
Benefit – I can write using examples or personal experience to discuss. I will use rhetoric to convince the audience that this does affect them, that by bringing about this changes it will benefit their lives. Benefits may include:
Objections – Some objections that the audience may have
Context – Issues such as same sex marriage, welfare payments, hospital/ambulance response times, internet standards provided to the Australian public.
The meaning of impromptu is 1. Without planning or preparation 2. In spontaneous or improvised way (Collins 2011).
Whereas Collins (2011) states that the meaning of formal is 1. Of or following established conventions 2. Methodical and organised.
Going on the definition of impromptu it is reasonable to suggest that this would mean that the language used in the impromptu speech would be unplanned or organised thereby or therefore would lack the ability to prepare the speech and language to tune it to the specific audience that it is targeted at.
Therefore it can then be deducted that the main differences between an impromptu speech and a formal speech is that an impromptu speech is one which is not planned but one which is spontaneous in nature; whereas, a formal speech is one which has been methodically or carefully planned.
One might suggested that an impromptu speech is oral only as one which is written has usually been planned, edited and practised before it is submitted to the audience.
Another difference may be the type of person who gives each type of speech as a formal speech may be given by a professional at a business meeting, or perhaps a spokesperson at a media conference; whereas, an impromptu speech may be given spontaneously to another person in conversation in an attempt to educate them, it may be given in a professional manner as well.
Similarities between an impromptu speech and a formal speech may include: both speeches will be addressed to an audience, both forms of speech are to either educate or to persuade the audience.
Acronyms and Slang Inc 2015, What does PAIBOC mean, digital image, viewed 2 May 2016, http://acronymsandslang.com/definition/3353571/PAIBOC-meaning.html
Byrd, E 2015, Introduction to nonfiction, viewed 19 April 2016, http://slideplayer.com/slide/5267997/
STANDS4 LLC 2016, What does PAIBOC mean, viewed 21 April 2016, http://www.abbreviations.com/term/348798
Campion, D 2003, Communications guide, viewed 18 April 2016, https://web.extension.illinois.edu/jsw/downloads/27058.pdf