1. Reflect on ‘rhetoric’: Read Aristotle’s Rhetoric. What are some of the key points Aristotle makes about rhetorical speech? Summarise these on your blog.
First thoughts when reading this is that book one is confusing and seems to be inconsistent babble. As I continue to read I get the sense that Aristotle has a massive superiority complex; which if reflected upon this throughout history has caused wars, racism, and murders. It is exactly the kind of thought that needs to be avoided. However, Aristotle states that ‘Rhetoric is the counterpart of Dialectic’. Saying that all men to an extent use rhetoric when attempting to discuss statements and to maintain them, to defend themselves and to attack others. That some speakers are successful through practise and others through spontaneity. Aristotle states that rhetoric is a constituent of art and that it is also a mode of persuasion. That in order to persuade the audience the speaker needs to demonstrate his argument.
Talks about the emotions of men. That these emotions affect the judgement of men, the emotions which are mentioned in book two are: anger, pity, fear, pain and pleasure. He states that in order to get others to feel the emotion that you want you need to put them in the corresponding frame of mind and in order to do that you need to know what puts the audience in that specific mood. Aristotle states that you can use rhetoric to make the audience feel as though you are trustworthy and that they can listen to you. Aristotle also discusses the behaviours of men between the age groups of youth, prime and elderly.
Talks about poetry, speeches, metaphors, similes, verbs, nouns etc. He talks about how the metaphors, similes, verbs, nouns and more are valuable in poetry and in speeches. Aristotle states that when making a speech there are three points that need to be considered. ‘First, the means of producing persuasion; second, the style, or language, to be used; third, the proper arrangement of the various parts of the speech.’ Aristotle discusses how to make language impressive as well as how to use punctuation. Book three goes back to talking about Rhetoric, style and narration. The need to prove your point. Aristotle gives examples from the two previous books.
2. Consider your own use of rhetoric: Reflect on an example of argument in your own life, one in which you were successful in persuading someone else of something.
3. Write a short review of around 200 words (maximum) highlighting the key arguments.
Key Arguments – The aim was to get rid of the negative views of rhetoric while discussing what rhetoric is. Clemson Univesity English (2011) discusses people’s perception about rhetoric. How rhetoric is often misunderstood as trickery or wording augmentation. However, according to Clemson Univesity English (2011) everyone uses rhetoric throughout their life. Clemson Univesity English (2011) states that rhetoric is an academic discipline in the modern university. Rhetoric helps you to become more self-conscious of language/practices. Rhetoric education enhances communication and the ability to convince your audience. It is in the forefront of communication and technology. Clemson Univesity English (2011) discusses how rhetoric uses tools of communication to help us determine our audience and how you address them/reach them effectively. In a way I believe that rhetoric is the decisions that we make, the language we use, or the visual aspects used to convince the audience.
Figure reference List
Relatably.com 2016, Aristotle quotes on rhetoric, viewed 20 March 2016, http://www.relatably.com/q/aristotle-quotes-on-rhetoric
Wright, D 2012, Using the rhetorical triangle & rhetorical appeals, video, 14 May, viewed 6 May 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ODwmSYb3Tw
ClemsonEnglish 2011, In defense of rhetoric video, video, 27 June, viewed 22 March 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYMUCz9bHAs&feature=youtu.be&hd=1
Stevenson, D 2000, Aristotle rhetoric, viewed 22 March 2016, http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/rhetoric.mb.txt